Ho Chi Minh City Overview
Ho Chi Minh City (formerly known as Saigon) – is a rich land, home to many ethnicities and cultures. It is also a port city, the focal point for economic and cultural exchange with the rest of the world. The Saigonese inherited the characteristics of Southern people, adapting a carefree, generous and sincere attitude to their life. Studies show that natural, social, environmental and historical factors have contributed to the character of Ho Chi Minh City today.
Ho Chi Minh City covers an area of 2,095.6 square kilometers with a population of over 7.9 million people (as of December 2014). The city is located at 10.5° north of the equator, with an average altitude between 5 and 10m; 1,730km away from Hanoi by road, its city center is 50km away from the east coast as the crow flies. Flowing through the city center is the 106km-long Saigon River, which plays the role of a vital waterway for commercial trade activities.
The city has two distinct seasons: the rainy season (from May to November) and dry season (from December to April next year), with an average temperature from 26 to 28°C. The city has 160 to 270 hours of sunshine per month; the average rainfall reaches 1,949mm/year; air humidity reaches 80% on average per year.
Main ethnic groups: Kinh, Khmer, Hoa, Cham, Indian. Religion: ancestor worship is the main religion, besides that the people also worship the gods of wealth and happiness. Main religions: Buddhism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Cao Dai and Hoa Hao.